endodontic microbiology

ashraf f. fouad


endodontic microbiology, second edition presents a comprehensive reference to the microbiology, pathogenesis, management, and healing of endodontic pathosis, emphasizing the importance of biological sciences in understanding and managing endodontic disease and its interaction with systemic health. * provides a major revision to the first book to focus on the problems related to microbes in the root canal and periapical tissues * updates current knowledge in endodontic pathosis, especially regarding next generation sequencing and microbial virulence * presents useful diagrams, images, radiographs, and annotated histological images to illustrate the concepts * emphasizes the importance of biological science in understanding and managing endodontic disease * includes contributions from the leading researchers and educators in the fieldshow more

endodontic prognosis 2017 clinical guide for optimal treatment outcome

nadia chugal


this book serves as a clinical guide to help the practitioner improve endodontic treatment outcomes. it focuses on the various factors affecting the prognosis of endodontic treatments and on their impact on short-term and long-term results. the text incorporates up-to-date knowledge, techniques and treatment protocols. each chapter has been carefully chosen to address either foundational knowledge or a select aspect of endodontic treatment. the authors analyze the knowledge accumulated from a large number of outcome studies and provide the reader with a critical appraisal indicating the strengths and weaknesses of those studies. this information is then used to make recommendations on how to predict the outcome of the intended treatment. the authors emphasize that the endodontic prognosis is a multifactorial phenomenon, underscoring how various factors, singularly and in combination, influence the treatment outcome. readers are provided with tools to successfully assess the prognosis of the proposed treatment at the outset and to execute the planned treatment focused on optimal outcome.show more

the guidebook to molar endodontics 2017

ove a. peters


this volume offers readers a pragmatic approach to endodontic therapy for permanent molars, based on up-to-date evidence. all chapters were written by experts in the field, and focus on preparation for treatment, vital pulp therapy, access cavity preparation, root canal shaping, outcome assessment, retreatment, apical surgery, and specific aspects of restorations for root canal-treated molars. the role of micro-ct data in visualizing canal anatomy is compared to cone beam ct, and detailed information on current clinical tools, such as irrigation adjuncts and engine-driven preparation tools is provided. important steps are illustrated in clinical photographs and radiographs, as well as by schematic diagrams. tables and check boxes highlight key points for special attention, and clinical pitfalls. guiding references are provided. performing molar endodontics is often a daunting prospect, regardless of the practice setting. this is where "molar endodontics" is an ideal source of guidance for practitioners. special devices and recent innovations in apex locators and nickel-titanium instruments have, however, made procedures significantly easier and more practical for non-specialists.
this book will help conscientious clinicians to master molar endodontics with well-described and established clinical methods.show more

current therapy in endodontics

priyanka jain

dentistry has been undergoing enormous changes, and the field of endodontics has certainly been at the forefront. recent advances in technology, materials, and equipment have changed the way endodontics is practiced today, thereby facilitating treatments with greater efficiency, precision, and success, ultimately leading to better outcomes. current therapy in endodontics encompasses the recent discoveries and applications for this field in one clinically relevant volume. * evidence-based presentation of recent advances in the field of endodontics * objective comparison of materials and instruments on the market * tables present key data and instruction for quick viewing and comprehension

endodontic treatment retreatment and surgery 2016

bobby patel

this book provides clear, concise guidance on a range of essential treatment strategies for the provision of reliable endodontic care. practical clinical procedures are described step by step and key concepts emphasized with the aid of a wealth of high-quality illustrations and photographs. examples of best practice are documented by means of clinical case examples, and the provision of concise tips and recommendations ensures that the reader will quickly be able to find solutions to any one of the myriad of endodontic challenges with which he or she may be confronted. in addition, the most relevant key literature is reviewed in order to support and reinforce the discussed clinical concepts. the described endodontic treatment strategies are all grounded in a sound scientific evidence base. the book should enable practitioners to manage any endodontic case from first principles and will be of value for both dental practitioners and endodontic trainees/specialists.

lasers in endodontics 2016 scientific background and clinical applications

giovanni olivi

this book offers up-to-date information on all aspects of the use of lasers in endodontics, focusing especially on the various laser applications, including primary and permanent root canal therapies, retreatments, apical surgery and pulp therapy. every laser technique used in endodontics is carefully described and illustrated, with detailed coverage of both conventional methods and more recent developments such as laser-activated irrigation and photon-induced photoacoustic streaming. in addition, a separate section addresses the basic science of laser dentistry, explaining the physics, describing laser-tissue interactions, and discussing different types of laser. extensive reference is made to the international literature in order to provide the reader with a clear, evidence-based understanding of the merits of various approaches. in offering a balanced mix of descriptions of clinical applications, clinical data, scientific research and logical criticism, the book will serve as an excellent reference for a wide audience comprising general dentists as well as specialists.

pediatric endodontics current concepts in pulp therapy for primary and young permanent teeth 2

9783319275512anna b. fuks

this book provides dental professionals with a clear understanding of current clinical and scientific knowledge on the various aspects of pulp treatment for both primary and young permanent teeth. diagnostic parameters are clearly presented, along with step-by-step descriptions of clinical procedures, including indirect and direct pulp treatments, pulpotomy, and pulpectomy. the rationale for the materials used in each technique and their individual merits and disadvantages are examined in detail. in the case of pulpotomy, all the materials used since the introduction of this treatment modality are discussed (e.g., formocresol, glutaraldehyde, ferric sulfate, and mta) and the roles of sodium hypochlorite, electrofulguration, and laser therapy are elucidated. special attention is devoted to pulpectomy and root canal treatment, with consideration of debriding and obturation techniques, rinsing solutions, and root-filling pastes. a further individual chapter is dedicated to restorations of teeth treated with the different types of pulp therapy. the various conservative treatment modalities are also presented, including specific treatments for immature nonvital permanent teeth.
the concluding chapter looks to the future and the potential value of stem cells in pulp therapy.

endodontics review

blicher, brooke / pryles, rebekah lucier / lin, jarshen

this comprehensive study guide provides an essential framework for reviewing the core material covered by the american board of endodontics (abe) examinations and understanding how best to prepare for them. with a focus toward clinical application, the key topics of endodontics are covered in full, and the complex subjects of trauma and resorption are addressed in separate chapters with diagnosis and treatment protocols particular to these entities. to underscore the format of the abe oral examination, the authors have divided each chapter into the sections used in the examination-basic sciences, medicine, diagnosis, treatment protocols, prognosis, and complications. in addition, this book provides a comprehensive review of the scientific literature. frequent references to peer-reviewed journal articles and endodontics textbooks also guide readers for further study and focus.

evidence-based dentistry
pulpal and periapical anatomy and physiology
pulpal and periapical pathology
medicine and pharmacology
diagnosis of non-endodontic disease entities
treatment of endodontic disease
traumatic dental injuries

endodontics principles and practice 5th edition

ph.d. mahmoud torabinejad; richard e. walton; ashraf f. fouad

helping you incorporate endodontics into general dentistry practice, endodontics: principles and practice, 5th edition describes how to diagnose pulpal and periapical diseases and perform basic root canal treatments. illustrated, step-by-step guidelines make it easier to perform essential endodontic procedures, and each is brought to life with videos on the new companion website. practical coverage also includes topics such as the etiology of disease, local anesthesia, emergency treatment, obturation, and temporization. from renowned endodontics experts mahmoud torabinejad, richard walton, and ashraf fouad, this edition adds new chapters on single implant restorations and the management of patients with systemic disease.

restoration of root canal treated teeth an adhesive dentistry perspective

perdig o, jorge (ed.)

this book offers a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the restoration of teeth retained through root canal treatment, from the perspective of adhesive dentistry. the challenge of adhesion to root dentin is first explained and guidance provided on assessment of the restorability of endodontically treated teeth. the types of prefabricated passive post are then described in detail. the advantages and disadvantages of each type are outlined, with identification of the factors that influence post selection. further topics include the ferrule effect, evidence‐based clinical applications of fiber posts and new methods to lute fiber posts to the root canal without dentin adhesives. in addition, frequent myths are identified and dispelled. all aspects are illustrated with clinical and laboratory images, diagrams and high-resolution electron microscopy photographs.

cohens pathways of the pulp expert consult 11th edition

kenneth m. hargreaves

the definitive endodontics reference, cohen’s pathways of the pulp is known for its comprehensive coverage of leading-edge information, materials, and techniques. it examines all aspects of endodontic care, from preparing the clinician and patient for endodontic treatment to the role the endodontist can play in the treatment of traumatic injuries and to the procedures used in the treatment of pediatric and older patients. not only does hargreaves and cohen’s 10th edition add five chapters on hot new topics, it also includes online access! as an expert consult title, cohen’s pathways of the pulp lets you search the entire contents of the book on your computer, and includes five online chapters not available in the printed text, plus videos, a searchable image collection, and more. for evidence-based endodontics research and treatment, this is your one-stop resource!


this item is non-returnable.


vertical root fractures in dentistry

tamse, aviad, tsesis, igor, rosen, eyal (eds.)

in this book, leading experts provide a comprehensive overview of vertical root fractures (vrfs) in endodontically treated teeth, which may be associated with potentially severe damage to the supporting bone. a helpful categorization of the various tooth and root fractures is presented and etiological factors are identified, with discussion of anatomical and biomechanical aspects and the dynamics of root fracture. the clinical and radiographic features of vrfs are described and illustrated in detail in order to help the clinician to achieve accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. management of the tooth and the socket after extraction is fully explained, and novel treatment alternatives for the preservation of vrf teeth are proposed. the book concludes by considering medicolegal aspects. both endodontists and general dentists will benefit greatly from the guidance offered on the common and clinically challenging phenomenon of vrfs.

endodontic irrigation

basrani, bettina (ed.)

this book reviews the available information on bacterial disinfection in endodontics, with emphasis on the chemical treatment of root canals based on current understanding of the process of irrigation. it describes recent advances in knowledge of the chemistry associated with irrigants and delivery systems, which is of vital importance given that chemical intervention is now considered one of the most important measures in eliminating planktonic microbes and biofilms from the infected tooth. recommendations are made regarding concentrations, exposure times and optimal sequences. possible complications related to the use of the different solutions are highlighted, with guidance on response. in addition, clinical protocols are suggested on the basis of both clinical experience and the results of past and ongoing research. throughout, a practical, clinically oriented approach is adopted that will assist the practitioner in ensuring successful endodontic treatment.

endodontic diagnosis pathology and treatment planning

bobby patel

this book is intended as a practical guide to endodontic diagnosis, pathology, and treatment planning. the coverage is comprehensive and encompasses such topics as disease classification, the endodontic armamentarium, anatomy, the role of different radiographic techniques, treatment decision making, preoperative management, the use of antibiotics and analgesics, and anesthesia. numerous high-quality illustrations and clinical photographs are included to highlight key concepts and findings, and best practice is documented by means of clinical case examples. the provision of concise tips and recommendations ensures that the reader will quickly be able to find solutions to diverse endodontic challenges. in addition, the most relevant literature is reviewed in order to support and reinforce the discussed clinical concepts. the book will assist dental practitioners and endodontic trainees/specialists in planning the management of any endodontic case from first principles.

dentine hypersensitivity developing a person centred approach to oral health

by peter glenn robinson

dentine hypersensitivity: developing a person-centred approach to oral healthprovides a detailed and integrated account of interdisciplinary research into dentine hypersensitivity. the monograph will be of interest to all those working on person centred oral health related research because it provides not only an account of the findings of a series of studies into dentine hypersensitivity drawing on the research traditions of epidemiology, sociology psychology, and dental public health but an integrated study of the benefits of exploring a single oral condition from this range of disciplines.

  • provides an introduction to dentine hypersensitivity, and uses a multidisciplinary approach to detail interdisciplinary research on the subject
  • outlines the clinical presentation of dentine hypersensitivity and the underlying physiological mechanisms
  • presents a case study of how social and behavioral science can bright new insights into the experience, treatment, and fundamental knowledge of an important dental condition
  • written by prominent dentists, psychologists, sociologists, and industry scientists working specifically on the topic of dentine hypersensitivity and its subsequent research

textbook of endodontics

author: garg nisha, garg amit

this book serves as an introductory for dental students and a refresher source for general practitioners. the book attempts to incorporate most recent advances in endodontics while at the same time not losing the sight of basics, therefore, making the study of endodontics easier and interesting. advances in endodontics have been made continuously, especially after pierre fauchard described the pulp very precisely. endodontics showed the improvement in anesthesia and radiographs for better treatment results. the better vision, better techniques of biomechanical preparations and obturation are being developed resulting in the simpler, easier and faster endodontics with more predictable results. in an attempt to improve the book further, clinical case-photographs and radiographs are provided for better understanding of the subject.

a concise guide to endodontic procedures

by peter murray
this clinical guide is a concise up-to-date resource that covers a wide range of endodontic procedures, including non-surgical root canal therapy, surgical root canal therapy, trauma care and the management of fractured teeth, apexification, apexogenesis, revascularization, regeneration, cvek partial pulpotomy, root canal retreatment, and periapical surgery. the provision of numerous flowcharts, checklists, and advice on error avoidance for each procedure will assist in decision-making in daily practice. scientific and clinical evidence regarding the use and efficacy of the different forms of treatment is summarized, and helpful information is also presented on instrumentation. the inclusion of exam questions will assist those preparing for endodontic examinations. a primer on endodontic treatment will be of value for dental students, residents in training to become endodontists, endodontists, pediatric dentists, and established dentists.

the dental pulp biology pathology and regenerative therapies

by michel goldberg (editor)

this book provides a detailed update on our knowledge of dental pulp and regenerative approaches to therapy. it is divided into three parts. the pulp components are first described, covering pulp cells, extracellular matrix, vascularization and innervation as well as pulp development and aging. the second part is devoted to pulp pathology and includes descriptions of the differences between reactionary and reparative dentin, the genetic alterations leading to dentinogenesis imperfecta and dentin dysplasia, the pulp reaction to dental materials, adverse impacts of bisphenol a and the effects of fluorosis, dioxin and other toxic agents. the final part of the book focuses on pulp repair and regeneration. it includes descriptions of various in vitro and in vivo (animal) experimental approaches, definition of the pulp stem cells with special focus on the stem cell niches, discussion of the regeneration of a living pulp and information on new strategies that induce pulp mineralization.

endodontic pain diagnosis causes prevention and treatment

by paul a. rosenberg
endodontic pain is a complex symptom that poses unique challenges for the dentist. this book is a concise, well-structured guide to the assessment and treatment of patients who present with endodontic pain, in which step-by-step descriptions are complemented by informative images and flow charts. the advantages, disadvantages, and significance of specific diagnostic and treatment procedures are clearly described, as is a pharmacotherapeutic approach to the prevention and treatment of pain. in addition, the causes and biological basis of endodontic pain are explained and guidance is provided on further strategies for pain prevention. the crisp narrative, efficient design and visual detail are notable features of this book that will make it an ideal chairside resource for the clinician and a dependable reference for the student.

complications in endodontic surgery prevention identification and management

by igor tsesis (editor)
this book presents up-to-date recommendations for the prevention, diagnosis, and management of complications in endodontic surgical procedures, based on the best available scientific evidence. common risks such as wound healing impairment, infection and bleeding are discussed and specific complications related to endodontic surgery, such as maxillary sinus involvement and damage to adjacent neurovascular structures, are reviewed. for each step of endodontic surgical procedures, surgical goals and possible outcomes are reviewed. preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative risk factors for complications are identified and treatment options presented. helpful decision-making algorithms, tables and flow charts complement the reader-friendly text.

managing endodontic failure in practice

managing endodontic failure in practiceby dr. bun san chong

managing endodontic failures in practice, provides a concise, practical overview of the “when” and “how” to save teeth with an unsatisfactory, and often deteriorating endodontic outcome. from diagnosis to the monitoring of successfully retreated teeth, managing endodontic failures in practice is clearly the work of an endodontist “in the know” and “up to speed” on the latest thinking, developments and techniques.

disinfection of root canal systems the treatment of apical periodontitis

by nestor cohenca (editor)
clean root canal systems are essential for successful endodontic treatment. with contributions from leading endodontists from around the world, dr. nestor cohenca here presents the etiology of endodontic disease caused by the endodontic biofilm and all therapies available to predictably disinfect the root canal system, thus increasing successful endodontic outcomes.

disinfection of root canal systems: the treatment of apical periodontitis is an evidence-based manual that describes root canal anatomy, the endodontic biofilm, and the role of disinfection before presenting the most up-to-date methods of irrigation and disinfection. individual chapters are devoted to each method, such as positive pressure irrigation, apical negative pressure irrigation, sonic activation, photodynamic therapy, laser technology, and ozonization and electrochemical activation. clinical photographs throughout show proper irrigation and disinfection techniques.

contemporary restoration of endodontically treated teeth

contemporary restoration of endodontically treated teethby nadim z. baba

written by a group of renowned experts three decades after the publication of the last comprehensive book on this topic, this much-needed book has a wealth of evidence-based information on all facets of the restoration of endodontically treated teeth. with the well-documented success of osseointegrated implant-supported fixed restorations, combined with a better understanding of the factors that can influence the prognosis of severely compromised teeth, the profession’s approach to treating these teeth has evolved, and this text offers a well-balanced, contemporary approach to treatment planning. traditional principles and techniques are reviewed and reinforced, along with modern materials and methods, all with a firm foundation in the best available scientific evidence and with an emphasis on clinical studies. many of the chapters provide comprehensive, step-by-step descriptions of technical procedures with accompanying illustrations to guide the reader through all aspects of restoring pulpless teeth, including fabrication of various foundation restorations, cementation techniques, and methods of provisionalization. preprosthetic adjunctive procedures, such as surgical crown lengthening, repair of perforations, and orthodontic measures, are also described and illustrated. for years to come, this text will remain a definitive reference not only for dentists involved in the restoration of pulpless teeth, such as general practitioners and prosthodontists, but also for dentists who do not place restorations but are engaged in planning treatment for structurally compromised teeth, such as endodontists, periodontists, and oral surgeons.

seltzer and benders dental pulp 2nd edition

seltzer and bender dental pulp 2by kenneth m. hargreaves and others

this comprehensive update of a classic text presents the latest research on the dental pulp and its interaction with other tissues, highlighting its central role in both local and systemic health. the second edition has been completely revised to incorporate new chapters featuring the most topical issues in research and clinical practice, including developments in stem cell research and pulpodentin regeneration, the effects of the aging process on the pulp, and the interdependent relationship of the pulp and restorative dental procedures. new contributors bring fresh perspective to topics such as pulpal infections, odontalgia, and the relationship between the pulp and periodontal disease. each chapter provides an introduction to its major themes for the busy clinician or dental student as well as up-to-date, biologically based clinical recommendations for restorative and endodontic procedures. practicing clinicians will find this information to be essential to providing accurate diagnoses and effective treatment.

rational root canal treatment in practice

rational root canal treatment in practiceby dr. john whitworth

endodontics has never been shy of technology, promising simpler, quicker, more consistent and aesthetically pleasing results. but how often is there real evidence, and how often is the fundamental biology forgotten
this handbook returns to the principles of infection control to rationalise mechanical stages of treatment and reveal where new and older techniques can optimise efficiency and successful outcomes for patients.

practical lessons in endodontic treatment 2

practical lessons in endodontic treatment nby donald e. arens and others

this companion to the popular book practical lessons in endodontic surgery offers expert guidance to clinicians who have limited experience in the nonsurgical procedures involved in root canal therapy. synthesizing the very latest clinical concepts and technologies with tried-and-true traditional treatment methods, it introduces readers to the challenges associated with nonsurgical endodontics and delivers realistic solutions in a clear, step-by-step, “lesson-based” format. each of the 42 lessons offers useful, workable, and, above all, practical information and recommendations covering a specific aspect of endodontic care. readers expand their knowledge incrementally, beginning with the essentials of patient diagnosis, examination, and record-keeping and progressing through lessons concerned with treatment planning and preparation for therapy; root canal instrumentation and obturation; and emergency and adjunctive procedures.

essentials of preclinical conservative dentistry

essentials of preclinical conservative dentistryby harpreet singh

this book comprehensively covers the course on preclinical conservative dentistry as prescribed to second-year bds students. the text is written in a simple and clear style with numerous photographs and line diagrams for easy understanding. the guidelines provided will subsequently enable the students to manage their patients most effectively.

  • the chapter ‘preclinical conservative dentistry: the concept and its scope’, supported by illustrations of plaster models and typodonts for essential guidance, describes in detail the lab work to be performed by students.
  • instruments used in operative dentistry have been described individually, supported by line diagrams and photographs for easy identification and understanding.
  • chapter on patient and operator’s positioning describes the ergonomics in dental practice, an essential component of students’ training programme.
  • the tooth preparations on plaster models and typodonts have been illustrated in a step-by-step procedure for clear understanding and easy reproducibility.
  • evaluation tables have been provided to help students self-evaluate their preparations and restorations.
  • matrices, both traditional and recent ones, have been discussed with illustrations for better clinical applicability.
  • the step-by-step procedure of placing the amalgam and composite restoration has been described in a simplified manner, supported by pictures and illustrations.
  • the chapters such as ‘non-carious cervical lesions’, ‘vital pulp therapy’ and ‘traumatic injuries’ are additional highlights, which discuss the basic information required on these topics.

handbook of clinical endodontics

author: mathur pramod bansi, mathur sanjay bansi

few decades back painful/broken/discolored teeth were extracted and replaced by artificial teeth. this old concept nowadays is changing and the patient is well aware of the newer techniques and insist upon the treatment that can save their natural teeth. during graduation courses in dentistry one learns very less about this advanced technology of rct and later runs here and there to attend short endodontic courses etc. but never get answer to all the questions rising in his/ her mind. realizing this psychology the author has written this book to cover not only the theory, but to cover the practical/ actual working part of the endodontics so that one can become master in performing rct. this book with simple language, short and tabulated text, with easy to learn method using actual extracted human teeth as models and movies are also captured while actually working on these teeth, will clarify all the doubts in the mind of the readers. the sound filled in all the ppt slides as commentaries shall also explain the text and working being done, very clearly. there are 95 such ppt slides on accompanying dvd, which will explain even minutest details about “endodontics”. the special feature of the book lies in chapter-11, where the author has given an exclusive” bio-data” of each tooth, covering its average length, number of roots, number of root canals, lateral canals if present, location of apical foramen, i.e. on apex or on lateral side of apex, bore size of the diameter of the canal measured from apex at a distance of 1, 2, 3, 5, mm away and to what size the canal should be widened finally. this method of explaining combines many subjects together such as dental anatomy, physiology, pathology, root canal treatment, etc. the reader doesn’t have to read all these subject books separately. in this book, history, clinical diagnostic methods, diseases of the pulp, diseases of the apical tissues, etc. are condensed in a table-form, but of course completely covering all the details like name of disease, definition, causes, sign and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, etc. along with figures, movies, etc. for the better and crystal clear understanding. the different root canal cements are also tabulated, covered under headings of name of cement, its commercial or brand name, its composition, advantages, disadvantages, etc. “root resection operation”, (apicectomy and or curettage), is explained with photos and movies both in anterior and posterior teeth. a case report of root resection operation is presented both in the book as well as in movie on accompanying dvd. the patient’s operation consent-perform is also given for the safety of the operating surgeon. treatment of traumatized or fractured front teeth is also given, well supported with figures and movies. the technique of bleaching teeth with “superxol, pyrozone”, with h2o2 in office, or at home bleaching materials with brand names of the commercial products (as per who recommendations) is also given.

endodontics 4th edition

endodontics 4eby

  • kishor gulabivala, bds, msc, fds rcs (edin), phd, fhea , head of endodontology & restorative dentistry, honorary consultant in restorative dentistry, ucl eastman dental institute, london, uk
  • yuan-ling ng, bds, msc, mrd rcs (eng), phd, fhea, senior clinical lecturer in endodontology, director of masters programmes in endodontology, ucl eastman dental institute, london, uk

this lavishly illustrated, practical guide to endodontic treatment covers the latest developments in instrumentation and filling techniques. ideal for all dental practitioners involved in endodontic therapy [root canal treatment], this new edition has been fully updated throughout and now includes a new author team from the eastman dental institute.

new to this edition

  • the latest edition is completely restructured to provide a more contemporary approach to the subject area
  • new chapters added, including material on tooth development, endodontic interfaces with orthodontics, general and oral medicine, and orofacial pain
  • latest research findings integrated into the various endodontic clinical applications
  • application of new equipment and materials highlighted where appropriate
  • new contributors bring a fresh approach to the subject matter

key features

  • practical approach to the subject takes the reader through every clinical step from patient assessment to specific problem solving
  • more than 1500 superb illustrations, including colour coded algorithms, present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner
  • provides sensible ‘best practice’ routes through often conflicting approaches to treatment
  • designed to enable practitioners to understand, from first principles, how to confidently deal with the endodontic problems resulting from wear, tear, trauma and common dental disease
  • designed with the changing dynamics of modern dental service delivery in mind
  • ideal for recent graduates wishing to consolidate their knowledge, general dental practitioners needing to enhance their skills and to all readers about to launch a new career through specialist training