refraction and retinoscopy how to pass the refraction certificate

jonathan c. park


in order to become a consultant ophthalmologist it is necessary to learn the skill of refraction and retinoscopy which requires a great deal of skill and practice. this full-colour, comprehensive revision guide has been specifically tailored for candidates of the mandatory refraction certificate examination assessed by the royal college of more

phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation mastering techniques and complications in cataract surgery william j. fishkind (author)


phacoemulsification, the gold standard for cataract extraction, is highly successful. however, the procedure is not without risks and complications. poor visual outcome, retinal detachment, infection, diplopia, and cornea and iris problems may pose considerable challenges. additional potential problems arise from implanting the intraocular lens (iol).

edited by a renowned master surgeon and educator in the field, and authored by a remarkable cast of cataract experts, this is the definitive text on managing cataract surgery, with practical guidance on recognizing and managing complications, should they arise. experts demonstrate the right way to perform phacoemulsification and diverse surgical and intraocular lens implantation procedures in order to reduce risk and improve patient outcome.

this second edition is greatly expanded in size and scope to accommodate the latest state-of-the-art methodologies and refinements in surgical strategies. since the first edition was published, new techniques for refractive cataract surgery, vitrectomy, iol exchange, and management of iol implantation without capsular bag support have been improved. additionally, new technologies have been introduced such as optical coherence tomography, flacs (femtosecond laser surgery), and implantation of toric and multifocal refractive iols, as well as methods to improve iol power calculation and decision making.

posterior capsular rent 2016 genesis and management

arup chakrabarti


this book deals with a potentially sight threatening complication – rupture of the posterior capsule – during cataract surgery. this handbook covers the management of this problem from 3 perspectives: 1.identifying patients at higher risk and measures to manage such patients by surgical discipline 2.intraoperative management of posterior capsular rupture (pcr) to minimize long-term complications care for a patient who has a pcr cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in ophthalmology and despite tremendous technical and technological advancements, pcr still occurs. pcr occurs both in the hands of experienced senior surgeons and the neophyte surgeons, although with a higher frequency in the latter group. additionally, certain types of cataracts are prone to this development. if managed properly in a timely manner the eventual outcome may be no different from that of an uncomplicated case. however, improper management may lead on to serious complications with a higher incidence of permanent visual disability. written for experienced and not-so-experienced eye surgeons alike to understand and manage more

basic and clinical science course bcsc 2016 2017 refractive surgery section 13

m. bowes hamill


keep your ophthalmic knowledge current with the academy's 2016-2017 basic and clinical science course (bcsc). bcsc is the most extensive compilation of ophthalmic scientific research and clinical experience, and it is continually updated by a faculty of more than 80 expert ophthalmologists. section 13 discusses the science of refractive surgery, accommodative and nonaccommodative treatment of presbyopia, patient evaluation and photoablation. it features new graphics and updated information on lens implants used around the more

basic and clinical science course bcsc 2016 2017 lens and cataract section 11

sharon l. jick


keep your ophthalmic knowledge current with the academy's 2016-2017 basic and clinical science course (bcsc). bcsc is the most extensive compilation of ophthalmic scientific research and clinical experience, and it is continually updated by a faculty of more than 80 expert ophthalmologists. section 11 covers a wide range of topics, including epidemiology of cataract, anatomy of the normal crystalline lens, lens metabolism, developmental defects of the lens, and complications of cataract surgery. this edition has been enhanced with 13 new videos. the videos can be viewed by scanning the qr code included in the more

pediatric lens diseases 2017

yizhi liu


this book focuses on disorders of the lens, which are a major cause of blindness in children. during development, children's eyes have unique physiological and structural characteristics, such as an immature blood-aqueous barrier, which presents considerable challenges for ophthalmologists involved in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric lens disorders. throughout the book, the pathology, examination, anesthesia, surgical treatment and nursing care of pediatric lens disorders are discussed in detail. it not only presents diverse pictures and images from clinical practice, it also includes the latest findings in the field. it will be of interest to ophthalmologists and paediatricians looking to improve the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric lens disorders and provide a valuable reference resource for all those involved in ophthalmic clinical practice, teaching and more

challenges in cataract surgery 2017 principles and techniques for successful management

wan-soon kim


this book presents the principles and pearls for successful surgical management of challenging situations encountered during cataract surgery. a wide range of settings are considered, including cataract surgery in patients with uveitis, traumatic cataract, dislocation of an intraocular lens, intumescent cataract, brunescent cataract, combined cataract and corneal disease, combined cataract and glaucoma, pediatric cataract, and refractive cataract surgery. in addition, preoperative factors conducive to a favorable surgical result are identified and appropriate management of postoperative complications, described. as longevity increases, cataract is becoming an even greater public health issue worldwide. the use of cataract surgery, already one of the most frequently performed surgeries, is consequently increasing still further – a trend reinforced by developments in instrumentation and technology and improvements in access to surgery. however, comorbidities and challenges during surgery are very common. challenges in cataract surgery will be a valuable reference for all residents, fellows, and practicing ophthalmologists who wish to improve their surgical techniques and more

congenital cataract 2017 a concise guide to diagnosis and management

ian christopher lloyd


this book aims to assist ophthalmologists in providing the best possible care for children with congenital cataracts. the entire patient pathway is covered, from preoperative assessment through application of the various surgical techniques to postoperative care and management of complications. among the topics discussed are new developments in molecular genetics relevant to patient evaluation, intraocular lens power formulas, and the findings of the infant aphakia treatment study. the surgical section describes anterior capsulotomy, lensectomy, selection of intraocular lens (iol) power, iol implantation in the capsular bag, posterior capsulotomy techniques, the use of secondary iols and iris-fixated iols in children, and surgical management in developing countries. visual outcomes after surgery are also fully addressed, with chapters on the occurrence of strabismus, nystagmus, and poor more

manual small incision cataract surgery 2016

bonnie an henderson

this book, in a concise format, explains how to perform manual small incision cataract surgery. the procedure is broken down into the chief elements and described in a step by step manner. besides the description of the procedure, the book covers indications, necessary supplies, preparation, complication management, and postoperative care. the authors are experts from around the world, and the book will be of value both for surgeons new to this technique and for experienced surgeons who need a review of the procedure. while phacoemulsification surgery has now become the standard of care, understanding how to perform manual extracapsular cataract extractions competently is crucial when faced with complications during phacoemulsification surgery, when operating in a region of the world without access to phacoemulsification or femtosecond lasers, or when a manual approach may be a better choice for the patient.

a video textbook of glued iols

amar agarwal

the first of its kind to cover the cutting edge technique of glued iols in eyes with deficient capsules, a video textbook of glued iols combines the practical explanation of written text with the dynamic demonstration of a surgical video website. with this unique combination, the narrated videos are able to demonstrate all the challenging surgical situations, while the textbook will provide more in-depth step-by-step details for each technique. dr. amar agarwal and his contributors are some of the leading pioneers of the glued iol technique and provide expert advice on all aspects, including complications, predictions of problems, and methods of management. a video textbook of glued iols also includes the history of the technique, methods, modifications, combinations, results, and complications, making it the first textbook to collect all the details on glued iols and compile them together with over 40 narrated video tutorials into one comprehensive resource.
a video textbook of glued iols offers state-of-the-art instruction from the innovators of the technique themselves and its step-by-step approach makes it simple to understand and easy to reproduce for anterior segment surgeons, junior ophthalmologists, specialists, and post-graduates alike. some videos include:* subluxated cataract extraction* decentered iol in the sulcus iol in the anterior chamber* dislocated iol in the retina* co-morbid scenarios like microcornea, aniridia, trauma and coloboma

intraocular lens surgery selection complications and complex cases

bradley randleman; iqbal ike k. ahmed
>ophthalmologic surgery has seen ever-evolving advancements in treatment methodologies. an expanding choice of intraocular lenses and implantation approaches has contributed to improved quality of life in people with vision impairments. although cataract surgery has a very high success rate, unexpected complications can occur. being prepared for challenges is integral to achieving positive outcomes.
throughout three major sections and 28 chapters, top experts share many years of combined wisdom, firsthand tips, and extensive skills acquired from utilizing and refining iol techniques. the comprehensive, richly illustrated text and accompanying surgical videos provide invaluable training on how to handle even the most complex cases, including strategies for overcoming obstacles such as compromised capsular support.
overview of design, materials, and technical specs for all available iolsanalysis of next-generation iols step-by-step procedural guidance on the latest surgical approachesmore than 50 online videos provide real-time learning from the operating roomclinical insights on residual astigmatism, dysphotopsias, opacifications, ruptured posterior capsules, uveitis glaucoma hyphema (ugh) syndrome, and iris defectsthis book is a remarkable hands-on learning tool for anterior segment, cornea, refractive surgery, and glaucoma training and a must-have resource for every ophthalmologic resident, fellow, and practicing clinician.

refractive lens exchange a surgical treatment for presbyopia

refractivepeter h. schiller; edward j. tehovnik
permanent surgical treatment for presbyopia remains the hereto unconquered last frontier in anterior segment surgery. over the years, continuing innovations like phaco, radial keratotomy, lasik, and premium intraocular lenses have pushed toward this ultimate goal, but now anterior segment surgery is closer than ever with the advent of modern laser-assisted presbyopic lens implantation. let “refractive lens exchange: a surgical treatment for presbyopia,” the first book of its kind, be your guide to this fifth wave of innovation in the surgical treatment of presbyopia.
dr. ming x. wang, md, phd, joined by associate editor dr. tracy s. swartz, od, ms, faao and more than 30 expert contributors, compiled this remarkable book. never before has there been a book dedicated to all aspects of refractive lens exchange as a permanent treatment for presbyopia, both medically and surgically.
highlights of “refractive lens exchange “include:

  • overview of all surgical treatments for presbyopia
  • dysfunctional lens syndrome and pathophysiology
  • patient education and preoperative assessment
  • marketing refractive lens exchange as a surgical treatment for presbyopia
  • new technologies in assessing dysfunctional lens syndrome
  • new technologies in mapping cornea and lens for refractive lens exchange
  • retinal issues related to refractive lens exchange
  • presbyopic lens types, indications, and contraindications for refractive lens exchange
  • lens- and cornea-based astigmatism correction
  • intraocular calculations for post refractive surgery eyes for refractive lens exchange
  • intraoperative wavefront technology
  • 3d high-definition microsurgical visualization and positioning technology
  • femtosecond laser application in refractive lens exchange
  • postoperative care and complication management
  • yag capsulotomy after refractive lens exchange: indications and alternatives
  • postoperative care and complication management
  • keratorefractive enhancement

designed for newcomers as well as seasoned eyecare professionals, “refractive lens exchange: a surgical treatment for presbyopia” is the first book to guide ophthalmic surgeons, optometrists, and technicians through this exciting new field that is emerging as a safe and effective primary surgical treatment for presbyopia.

management of phaco complications newer techniques

by agarwal amar, narang priya

the book is a comprehensive academic work with a pragmatic guide for ophthalmologists who intend to manage their complications quite effectively. the techniques described to manage the complications highlight recent new innovations and cutting edge surgical interventions. it promises to be an asset to all the practicing ophthalmologists across the globe. the readers can enjoy the classic description of all the techniques to handle complications in phacoemulsification surgery under one roof.

clinical refraction guide

by bhootra ajay kumar

prescribing and dispensing are two tails of managing the patients for refractive errors. the reasons are simple. the need for correction arises with a lens prescription by an optometrist and the generated need is catered by a dispensing optician. one of the cornerstones of the practice is you need a unique blend of skills and intelligence in order to manage the patient for vision correction effectively. “clinical refraction guide” describes the art and science of the clinical refraction procedure, in a brief and lucid manner. it describes various procedures and techniques that can be applied to elicit the refractive error and provide appropriate management. the book is for the students of optometry, or for the students of optometric technicians, ophthalmic assistants, ophthalmic nursing and all other opticianry programs. it is written from the practice point of view, rather than academic. the majority of the chapters follow the sequential steps of the whole procedure. meticulous planning has been done to design the contents and put them into different chapters. the book has been compiled in a very simple language so that it serves as a reference guide in the clinic as well as in the classes. the salient features of the book are simple language, emphasis is more on practice procedures, short and precise explanations and criticalities of the procedures are given more importance. the author has extensive experience in this field of eye care practice. he has tried to accumulate most of his experience in this book. all principles, theories and optics are beyond the scope of this book. the methods are described as step by step procedure that establishes the eternal truth that helps in eliciting the refractive error. the book has two sections. section 1 contains flow of clinical refraction procedure, tests and equipments needed, routine and refinement procedures and refraction techniques in various situations. section 2 exclusively deals with the sequential procedure of retinoscopy.

text and atlas slit lamp biomicroscopy for assessment in cataract surgery

by toshniwal navneet

this book, text and atlas—slit lamp biomicroscopy for assessment in cataract surgery, deals with cataract surgery. though there have been state-of-the-art advances in the evolution and technique of cataract surgery, absence of careful examination and assessment of cataract on the slit lamp can lead to troublesome intraoperative complications. careful preoperative slit lamp examination of cataract still remains the gold standard ‘insurance’ to avoid intraoperative surprises and vision-threatening complications. though there are numerous textbooks and treatises on cataract assessment, there was long-felt need for a practical handbook that would delve extensively into the varied aspects of slit lamp examination techniques prior to cataract surgery; yet at the same time remain concise, lucid and illustrative. a unique collection of slit lamp photographs of cataract are included in a book. the book will be helpful to all doctors of undergraduate, postgraduate level, for surgeons who started cataract surgery and for those who are already in the field of cataract surgery for sometime. the book will also be helpful to optometrists and paramedical people who are concerned with cataract surgery.

jaypee gold standard mini atlas series phacoemulsification

by agarwal amar, narang priya

this mini atlas on phacoemulsification offers us a concise, well-illustrated and demonstrative approach to intricacies of the phaco world. with so many photographs and illustrations, the mini atlas is an easily accessible and navigable data source. it starts with a section on basics of phaco and the simple, yet very helpful concept of gas-forced infusion forwarded by sunita agarwal a few years ago, going through other steps of the phaco technique. a section on tough cases like subluxated nuclei then follows.

step by step phacoemulsification

by agarwal amar, narang priya

the book “step by step phacoemulsification” comprises of 17 descriptive chapters that cover all the topics of phacoemulsification surgery ranging from control of surge with gas forced infusion to handling the complication of posterior capsular rupture. the book also entails the description of varied clinical scenario of management of mature and subluxated cataract to small pupil phaco and combined glaucoma and cataract surgery. it tends to serve as a comprehensive book that can guide an ophthalmologist towards attaining optimum visual results by effectively handling the surgical scenario.

presbyopia therapies and further prospects

by gilg alain-nicolas

this book presbyopia: therapies and further prospects deals with the well-known condition of presbyopia and the methods for treating it. it combines clearly written explanations with well-rendered illustrations. it gives clear vision on the use of specific tests, such as refractive measurement in children and the refractive examination of patients with hyperopia. it deals with various topics relevant to accommodation and its mechanisms. the chapters discuss the relationship between presbyopia and the different ametropias (hyperopia, myopia), as well as the possible optical compensations with correcting glasses, with the so-called progressive lenses or orthokeratological contact lenses. it highlights about multifocal presby-lasik, monovision lasik, pre-lens implants, multifocal implants; intrastromal corneal ring segments (icrs), ciliary body sclerotomies, scleral expansion bands and conductive keratoplasty. the development of a ciliozonular tension ring system, aimed at ensuring the tension of zonular fibers is also described. the book consists of four chapters which explain the major factors of presbyopia, accommodation, ametropias, accommodative restoration, and optical compensations.

manual of optics refraction

by dean william h, sandford-smith john

refraction and optics are integral part of teaching and learning of ophthalmology both at under graduate and post graduate level. knowledge of refraction and optics does not stop just at attaining degree. it remains useful throughout the period of ophthalmic practice. there are many books on the subject. some are too vast, too comprehend for an under graduate to find it too drab. some are too brief for post graduates. in the present book an attempt has been made to make optics and refraction interesting and helpful. it will meet the requirement of undergraduate, post graduates, teachers and practitioners. the book has eleven chapters that deal with basic optics and optics involved in ophthalmology. it covers a wide range of topics from physical properties of light to advanced methods of treatment light- laser, lasik and other refractive surgeries. contact lens and low vision aids too have been dealt with due importance. various conditions of errors of refraction, their physio pathology, signs, syndromes have been discussed. the book is profoundly illustrated with charts, diagrams and photographs.

curbside consultation in refractive and lens based surgery 49 clinical questions

by bonnie henderson, sonia h. yoo

are you looking for concise, practical answers to questions that are often left unanswered by traditional references on refractive surgery are you seeking brief, evidence-based advice for the daily examination of patients curbside consultation in refractive and lens-based surgery: 49 clinical questions provides quick and direct answers to the thorny questions most commonly posed during a “curbside consultation” between experienced clinicians. drs. bonnie an henderson and sonia h. yoo have designed this unique reference in which refractive specialists offer expert advice, preferences, and opinions on tough clinical questions commonly encountered by ophthalmologists, residents, and other health care professionals. the unique q&a format provides quick access to current information related to refractive and lens-based surgery with the simplicity of a conversation between two colleagues. images, diagrams, and references are included to enhance the text and to illustrate clinical diagnoses and treatment plans. based on clinical scenarios that a refractive surgeon might encounter in real life, curbside consultation in refractive and lens-based surgery provides information basic enough for residents while also incorporating expert pearls that even high-volume ophthalmologists will appreciate. general ophthalmologists and residents alike will enjoy the user-friendly and casual format. some of the questions that are answered: – how do i manage epithelial ingrowth after lasik what if it recurs – should i perform prk in patients with forme fruste keratoconus – how do i manage patients with dry eyes after lasik surgery – how do i determine my surgically induced astigmatism – is a monocular implantation of a multifocal iol tolerated – how do you manage an unhappy multifocal patient who is experiencing halos and glare

pediatric cataract surgery techniques complications and management 2nd edition

pediatric cataract surgery 2by

  • m. edward wilson jr. md
  • rupal h. trivedi md

although uncommon, the occurrence of cataracts in very young patients can result in significant impairment—and can lead to blindness. this practical guide delivers need-to-know information to help clinicians treat pediatric patients with cataracts with a range of therapies and essential guidance on the management of complications.
explore the only reference devoted exclusively to pediatric cataract management!

  • 13 new chapters highlight the latest advances in bilateral cataract surgery, intraocular heparin treatment, treatment of traumatic cataracts, pre- and postoperative management, and techniques appropriate for patients in developing nations.
  • 4 hours of online procedural video accompany the text—giving readers a clinician’s view of essential procedures. a great way to refine technique, improve outcomes, avoid pitfalls, and manage potential complications.
  • quick-reference format helps readers locate vital information at a glance.

the lasik handbook a case based approach 2nd edition

the lasik handbook a case-based approachby

  • robert s feder md chief, cornea and external disease services, northwestern university medical school, chicago, il

from surgical planning and patient prep, to the latest tools and techniques, the lasik handbook: a case-based approachuses real-world examples and straightforward language to help readers optimize results and avoid potential pitfalls.

the text is patient-focused rather than technology-focused and leads the refractive surgeon through a series of real life cases in a progression from the more straight-forward to the increasingly complex with useful take home points in each surgical planning, technique and management of complications are reviewed in a case-based contemporary approach relevant no matter your level of experience.

this hands-on resource provides…

  • practical, case-based format uses real-world examples to promote safe, effective practice, relevant to all refractive surgeons.
  • convenient indexes group cases by clinical findings, making it easy to locate those cases relevant to your prospective patient
  • emphasis on patient-centered care focuses on surgical planning, preparation, and approach, including the prevention and management of complications.
  • coverage of a wide range of equipment familiarizes readers with the latest tools and technologies.
  • expert perspectives identify the pros and cons of the equipment used in lasik procedures.
  • “take home points” highlight valuable information for quick reference.
  • 70-question self-assessment test reinforces understanding.

new to the second edition…

  • fully updated content describes the fundamentals of lasik treatment as well as the latest tools, techniques, and tips.
  • 105 cases (including 30 new cases) cover a wide array of actual clinical experience.
  • 21 instructional videos demonstrate technique and management available in a companion website
  • 70 self-assessment questions with detailed discussions allow you to test your knowledge and an interactive online question bank provides opportunities to enhance critical thinking and assess learning.
  • new chapters on the latest technologies address corneal topography, oct, femtosecond and excimer lasers and collagen cross-linking written by experts.
  • new chapters on international perspectives covers lasik as performed around the world.
  • new chapter on lens implant power selection after lasik surgery.

borishs clinical refraction

william j. benjamin

now updated and expanded to cover the latest technologies, this full-color text on clinical refraction uses an easy-to-read format to give optometry students and practitioners all the important information they need. also covers a wide range of other aspects of the eye exam, including anterior and posterior segment evaluations, contact lens, ocular pharmacology, and visual field analysis. four new chapters cover wavefront-guided refraction, optical correction with refractive surgeries, prosthetic devices, and patients with ocular pathology.

five steps to start your refractive surgery a case based systematic approach

author: sinjab mazen m

although there are numbers of textbooks regarding refractive surgery in the market, readers feel that they cannot find all what they need in only one book. they also feel that they have to read much to find what exactly they are looking for. and in spite of the vast number of refractive surgery courses conducted during conferences, the audience may feel that they do not get answers to all the questions that rise in their mind. in addition, during daily practice, refractive surgeons may wish to own a quick reference in their hands that is well ordered and easy to deal with. all the above reasons were behind writing this handbook. to make information easily accessible, simple language was used, a tabulated text was written, and a step-by-step systematic methodology was applied. together with comprehensive illustrations, clinical aspects were integrated into basics to make use of any tiny information. to reach this goal, this handbook was composed of five steps consisting of nine chapters. step one consists of four chapters dealing with corneal imaging and its clinical application in refractive surgery. step two has one chapter discussing major refractive procedures. step three has one chapter describing rules and recommendations in refractive surgery. step four is a start-off step, consisting of two chapters, dealing with approaching the candidate and discussing refractive surgery complications. step five presents clinical case-study.

femtolaser cataract surgery

author: gualdi federica, gualdi luca

the book femto-laser cataract surgery depicts the latest advancement in ophthalmology that is the invention of femto-laser systems for cataract surgery. today, the cataract treatment consists of the surgical removal of the lens followed by the implantation of an intraocular lens (iol). cataract has remained the leading cause of blindness in many countries. there is need for the newer technique to reduce the intra and postoperative risks for patients and to facilitate the intervention for the surgeons, so as to allow rapid functional recovery of sight. one such technique is the femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. the purpose of this book is to describe the femtosecond laser surgery, and to compare it with the traditional phacoemulsification, which represents the current standard technique. the five laser systems discussed are lensx, victus, lensar, catalys precision laser system and the femto ldv z8 laser systems.

cataract surgery maximizing outcomes through research

by hiroko bissen-miyajima (editor), douglas donald koch (editor), mitchell patrick weikert (editor)

useful research for cataract surgeons provides cataract surgeons with helpful information about cataract operations based on the latest fundamental and clinical research. this textbook comprehensively covers a wide range of topics from the basic principles of each treatment to today’s hot topics such as femtosecond laser application, cataract surgery, and new iol with accommodating or light adjustable function. detailed cutting-edge discussion is provided in each chapter with the addition of diagrams, photographs and tables to help readers better understand the subject. authored by leading international experts, it includes topics from preoperative evaluations to postoperative care such as: evaluation of accommodation and pseudo-accommodation glistening and visual function the eye’s image quality with a premium iol iol power calculations pupil size and postoperative visual function posterior capsular opacity corneal astigmatism femtosecond laser techniques and more. useful research for cataract surgeons is the perfect book for cataract surgeons and general ophthalmologists who wish to update their knowledge and make use of it in their everyday medical practice.

complications during and after cataract surgery a guide to surgical management

by ulrich spandau, g b scharioth

  • step by step descriptions of procedures to manage complications of cataract surgery
  • coverage of a wide range of potential complications
  • pearls and pitfalls
  • numerous helpful drawings and color photos
  • numerous surgical videos

how can one best master a rupture of the posterior capsule during cataract surgery how should one operate on a dropped nucleus what is the ideal management for a subluxated intraocular lens if you are seeking answers to these and similar questions, then this is the book for you.


every surgeon is afraid of complications, but while complications cannot be entirely avoided, it is possible to learn to master them. this practical handbook clearly explains how to manage the various complications that may arise during cataract surgery. it provides the surgeon with clear instructions on how best to proceed in the manner of a cookbook, by first describing the ingredients (equipment) and preparation (planning) and then providing step by step descriptions of technique with the aid of numerous helpful color illustrations and several accompanying surgical videos. surgical pearls and pitfalls are highlighted. using this book, the reader will become a better and more complete cataract surgeon, well equipped to cope with the full range of potential complications.

2014 2015 basic and clinical science course bcsc section 13 refractive surgery

refractive surgeryamerican academy of ophthalmology (author), m. bowes hamill md (editor)

major revision for 2014-2015!

covers the science of refractive surgery, accommodative and nonaccommodative treatment of presbyopia, and patient evaluation. examines specific procedures in refractive surgery and their potential complications, as well as refractive surgery in ocular and systemic disease. this year’s major revision features new graphics and updated information on lens implants used in the united states and other countries.

upon completion of section 13, readers should be able to:

identify the general types of lasers used in refractive surgeries
explain the steps including medical and social history, ocular examination and ancillary testing in evaluating whether a patient is an appropriate candidate for refractive surgery
for incisional keratorefractive surgery, describe the history, patient selection, surgical techniques, outcomes, and complications
explain recent developments in the application of wavefront technology to surface ablation and lasik
describe the different types of iols used for refractive correction

2014 2015 basic and clinical science course bcsc section 11 lens and cataract

lens and cataractamerican academy of ophthalmology (author), james c. bobrow md (editor)

reviews the anatomy, physiology, embryology and pathology of the lens. covers the epidemiology, evaluation and management of cataracts and gives an overview of lens and cataract surgery, including special situations. section 11 also walks the reader through making an appropriate differential diagnosis and designing a management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery.

upon completion of section 11, readers should be able to:

identify congenital anomalies of the lens
list types of congenital and acquired cataracts
describe the association of cataracts with aging, trauma, medications, and systemic and ocular diseases
describe the evaluation and management of patients with cataract and other lens abnormalities

cataract surgery in diseased eyes

author: chakrabarti arup

this book, cataract surgery in diseased eyes, is a textbook for cataract surgery. cataract surgery is one of the most commonly performed procedures in ophthalmic practice. the indication for performing this surgical procedure has in its present state of evolution, expanded to include compromised eyes with pre-existing co-morbid ocular conditions. an appropriately planned and meticulously executed surgical procedure taking into account all the expected complications is necessary to visually rehabilitate these patients. this book is meant to benefit both the aspiring students as well as the established practitioners as it covers in detail the pertinent aspects of evaluation, surgical techniques, complications and follow-up of these compromised eyes. rather than focusing on intraoperative problems, such as zonular dialysis or tears of the anterior or posterior capsule, this textbook is organized around the classification of eyes with risk factors that are identified preoperatively. this unique approach is lacking from most other textbooks on surgical complications, and provides information on relatively neglected but clinically relevant topics such as pterygium, filtering blebs, uveitis, prior vitrectomy, and angle closure glaucoma. besides outlining surgical strategies, each of these topics is addressed from both the pre and perioperative standpoint as well.